Shree Shree Shree Shiv Gorakhshyanath
As per many books, blogs and researches it has been concluded that the birth and existence of guru Gorakhnath cannot be pinpointed to a certain era. Many intellects or any person trying to figure out guru Gorakhnath’s true identity often have been left confused and debated and in loss of words in describing him. This simply proves that Gorakhnath is ever immortal,unborn,omnipresent and has shown his presence in every yugas and we are inefficient in trying to know him as a whole. He is the incarnation of Hari Narayan and he is also called Shiva Gorakhshya. Often people have this query that how can he be the incarnation of Hari Narayan and at the same time Shiva. The answer to this is Hari and Shiva are both one as Hari resides in Shiva’s heart and Shiva resides in Hari’s. Guru Gorakhnath is the supreme guru, the guru of all gurus and a great adept. I’ll simply write as to provide people with the basic knowledge about guru Gorakhnath because going through various mediums can be quite intimidating and often creates confusions and controversies.
Gorakhnath as his name is, is two words put into one. Go – meaning cow, earth or universe and the indriyas and rakshak – meaning the protector. So, it means he is the one who has won over the indriyas(senses) and is undefeated to the five vikritis(negativities) -kaam(sexuality), krodh(anger), mad(ego), moh(attachment) and lobh(greed) and he protects us from these worldly attachments to help us attain the development of our inner conscience to know the universe as a whole and thus protects the universe as well. He is the mahayogi and teaches us about yog which reunites the soul and the supreme soul which is Gorakhnath himself. Through one source it has been said that the trinity Bramha, Bishnu and Mahesh were the first disciples of guru Gorakhnath and that they sought guidances from him. The creation of the universe would have been impossible if it were not for guru Gorakhnath. When lord Vishnu was emerging and Bramha was trying to create the world he saw that the water was dirty and it was causing a hindrance. Bramha sought out for help to guru Gorakhnath who at that time was in deep meditation behind an eternal fire(dhuni) under the earth(patal). Gorakhnath handed Bramha the enchanted ash from the eternal fire and told him to sprinkle it over the water to initiate the process of creation. So, think about it. People say that nothing remains of no one in this world but often people forget that when any carcass is incinerated there is one remain that gets left behind that is the ash. Another story states that while Shiva and his consort Parvati were engaging themselves in a conversation goddess Parvati teased lord Shiva that if it were not for her lord Shiva would not have been able to take care of the world and it would have fallen apart. Lord shiva humbly said that he could, even if he was devoid of Parvati’s presence. Parvati mata was stunned and provoked him. Lord Shiva mentioned to her about his avatar(incarnation) of a young yogi who will prove what Parvati had misconstrued, wrong.
Now, i would like to tell you about the great adept Matsyendranath. If his name remains unmentioned this article would be incomplete as he is the guru of Gorakhnath.
Mahayogi Macchendranath and Gorakhnath
During the samudra manthan lord Vishnu had disguised himself in the form of a woman named Mohini to entice everyone with her beauty to restore the amrit. The effects of the enticement were as such that even lord Shiva upon seeing lord Vishnu in this feminine form was provoked and his sperms oozed out and fell upon Vishnu’s hands. Lord Vishnu quickly came to his actual form and went to the ocean to clean his hands. The sperm was discarded into the ocean where a fish ate it and was impregnated. The child inside the fish would later be called Matsyendranath..
When lord Shiva was educating yog vidya to Uma(Parvati) on the isle of Saptashringa in sheer Sagar, Uma fell asleep as soon as lord Shiva started his teachings. But the boy in the womb of the fish was listening intently to lord Shiva’s words of wisdom and he became enlightened and later received mystical powers and divinity. Lord shiva was really pleased with Matsyandranath since he had deeply meditated to appease lord Shiva and asked him to ask for a boon. Matsyendranth replied ‘There is none in this world that is suitable and capable to receive the spiritual guidances that you have provided me. So, i would ask for a boon that you my lord be born as my disciple.’ This way lord Shiva incarnated himself as Gorakhnath and became the disciple of Matsyendranath and initiated the guru- disciple tradition.
Gorakshya balam, guru shishya palam, sesha himalam, sasikhanda balam
Kalasya kalam, jeeta janma jalam, bandey jatalam, jagadabjanalam
Meaning : Gorakhnath in the form of a child,who is the founder of guru-disciple tradition, who is seated on the king of snakes, fair as the mountains, with the crescent moon on his forehead, who is the death of the death and has won over time, who has won over the process of rebirth and death, we salute you jatadhari(possessing matted hair) Gorakhnath, father of the universe.
Gorakhnath is the human manifestation of lord Shiva and is the founder of the natha sampradaya(clan). He is a great adept who appeared on earth for the preaching of yog vidya(knowledge of yog) and keeping intact the relation between a guru and a disciple. There are 9 main naths known as navanaths:
1.Jyoti swaroop – Aadinath (light)
2.Parvati swaroop – Udyanath (earth)
3.Bramha swaroop – Satyanath (water)
4.Vishnu swaroop – Santoshnath (power)
5.Sesh swaroop – Achal Aachambheynath (air)
6.Ganesh swaroop – Gaja kanthad nath (gajahasti)
7.Chandramaswaroop – Siddha Chaurangi nath (vegetation)
8.Maya swaroop – Matsyendranath (fish)
9.Shiva swaroop – Gorakhnath (child)
The 12 panths in the nath sampradaya are
1. Satnathi (satnath)
2. Ramnathi (ram ke)
3. Pagal (pagalpanthi)
4. Pav panth (pavak)
5. Dharmanath (dharmanathi)
6. Mannathi (manonathi)
7. Kaplani (kapilpanth)
8. Ganganath (ganganathi)
9. Nateshvari (daryanathi)
10. Aai panth (aai ke)
11. Vairag (bhartrihari vairag)
Other than that there are 84 siddhas in the nath sampradaya.
Mostly in the nath sampradaya we often hear the mention of the word ‘ADESH’. The sole word states the truth, that great adept Gorakhnath himself has brought into light, that aatma(soul), parmatma(supreme soul) and jiv(living beings) is one and the realization of which is the base milestone of any spiritual enlightenment. Adesh also means to grant your obedience to guru and that his every command will be executed. The other utterance that we hear is ‘ALAKH NIRANJAN’. The lords of universe are Hari Narayan and Shiva and the masters of the universe are Matsyendranath (Hari Narayan) and Gorakshanath (Shiva). Alakh means Matsyendranath and Niranjan means Gorakshanath. The collaboration of the two words recites the combination of Matsyendranath and Gorakhnath.
”Soham jinki shakti hai, sunya jinki mata, avgaat jinki pita hai, abhay jinka panth hai, achal jinki padwi hai, niranjan jinka gotra hai, bihangam jinki jaati hai, yehi paheechan guru Gorakhnath ki hai.”
Jyoti – Swaroop Avigat – Pita
Ankaree – Shivroop Abhay – Panth
Sankhya – Sadhroop Achaal – Padhwee
Madhyanna – Hansaroop Niranjan – Gotra
Guru – Gorakhshya Bihangam – Jaati
Kaya – Gayatri Asankhya – Prawar
Om – Bramha Ananta – Saakha
Soham – Shakti Sukshma – Ved
Sunya – Mata Aatmagyaan – Bramhagyaani
Since Guru Gorakhnath is a mahayogi it is important to talk about yog and its significances. Yog shakti is soham that transfers shava into shiva and grants immortality. It is the shakti in bhakti that can neither be created nor be destroyed and protects the shiva tatwa in each one of us and reunites us with the lord. He is the founder of Hatha yoga.
There are 84,00,000 yog postures out of which lord shiva, the grand master of yog, himself has selected 84 postures and out of the 84 postures he has yet again selected 2 more to be of great significance. The two are siddhasanam (the perfect posture) and padmasanam (lotus posture). There are stages of yoga which are as follows :
2. Control of breath
3. Withdrawal of the five senses
5. Abstract meditation and identification of self with the object of meditation
Guru gorakhnath has differentiated yogis into 12 orders : kanphat, aoghar, machendra, bhartrihari, sarangi, durihar, kanipa, rampanthi, siddhi-kerani, aghori, yogini and sanyogi. The 13th one is from the muslims called ardhyogis.
According to ‘upanishadom of the fourteen gems’ it is said that there are three divisions of sons and disciples. The first is excellent(uttam) : One who understands their guru’s intentions and acts upon it before their guru even mentions it and serves their guru.
The second is medium(maddhyam) : one who works only after receiving their guru’s consent. The third is (adham) : one who upon knowing his guru’s intentions or even after hearing his guru’s command does not perform his task as per his guru’s wish. What i am referring to here is that we are the most fortunate of all to have a guru, who is the guru of all gurus, the sadguru ” Shree Shree Shree Shiv Gorakhshyanath”. So let us not waste our time strung into the loop of the worldly attachments which are here temporarily. Let us praise and worship our guru wholeheartedly and create a temple within our hearts for him and try understanding him. Let us for once forget ourselves and welcome him out of pure devotion and he will grant us his blessings and help his disciples on the path to spiritual attainment, on the path to be one with him. Once he has established us as his disciples let us not disappoint him. Serve him selflessly, without the greed to gain anything and the fear of losing anything.